Born in Vienna, Austria 1862. The leading Austrian symbolist, his most famous painting, ‘The Kiss’, is made up of starkly naturalistic faces and limbs, erotically smothered in rich ornamental patterns borrowed from Medieval, Byzantine and oriental art. Klimt is known to have started these portraits as erotic and intimate nudes and then draped the figures in costumes made up in the style of his patterned designs. His portraits were theatrical and symbolic and many of his paintings were of monumental proportions. In ‘Garden with Sunflowers’, there is a deliberate fragmentation of the surface, creating a mosaic-like effect. Many of his works, such as ‘Music’, use an asymmetrical composition, and a rich and intense palette, giving an organic vitality. His erotic style bound together two conflicting forces: freedom of ornamentation and intense perception of nature. Died in Vienna, 1918.