Born Meschede, Westphalia, Germany, 1887. In early 1914 Macke was one of a party of artists, including Klee, who travelled to Tunisia for the light and colour. Work produced on the trip such as ‘Turkish Café’ began to show his personal yet expressive use of colour, initially inspired by the artist Delaunay. Works like ‘St Germain Near Tunis’, developed over this two month period are considered significant as they show a French/German and a 19th/20th century blend. His early death is considered to be a great loss to the development of 20th century European art. Macke was killed in action on the Western Front in 1914, aged 26 and just months after his trip to Tunis.